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Environmental mark and green environmental protection

environmental mark, also known as ecological mark or green mark, refers to that according to environmental standards and regulations, the certification authority designated by the state confirms and issues marks and certificates to show that the product not only meets the quality standards, but also that the production, function and disposal of the product meet the specific environmental protection requirements, which is harmless or extremely harmful to the ecological environment

Germany, which currently implements the international environmental labeling system, launched the blue angel program as early as 1978, and has issued green labels to more than 4500 products in 15 categories; Since the United States implemented the environmental labeling system in 1980, green products have accounted for% of its products; Japan began to implement the environmental labeling program in 1989; In the early 1990s, France, Switzerland, Finland, Australia and Singapore also joined the ranks of environmental labels

China's environmental calibration system was implemented late. Since 1993, China has advocated the development of green food. In may1994, China's Environmental Labeling Product Certification Committee was officially established. In March of the next year, the first batch of 18 types of environmental labeling products were announced

in April, 1996, China has carried out environmental label certification for 11 types of products, and the first pilot work of 1sol4000 quality certification deployed by the National Environmental Protection Bureau on January 22, 1997 has been completed. However, generally speaking, China's environmental labeling system has fewer product types and is far from international standards, which is far from meeting the needs of foreign trade development. Only by following this international trend and adopting positive and effective means to catch up, can China's foreign trade interests be fundamentally protected. The specific measures to be taken are:

1. Establish a structure of import and export commodities that is conducive to environmental protection and ecological optimization. Whether the structure of import and export commodities is reasonable and meets the requirements of China's sustainable economic and social development is directly related to the quality of China's national economic development and the optimization effect of the ecological environment

according to incomplete statistics, in 1993, China's export of primary products with great impact on the ecology and environment was about 6billion US dollars, and the export of intermediate products and manufactured products with heavy pollution reached more than 20billion US dollars. This not only brings far-reaching impact on the ecological environment, adding 1 Quantitative EMI (2) 00 can enhance the impact of material plasticization, but also is extremely unfavorable to the implementation and promotion of China's environmental labeling system. Therefore, we must change the structure of export commodities and vigorously develop trade products and industries that are conducive to the ecological environment, such as green food, so as to make our export commodities develop in the direction that is conducive to the ecological environment

2. Strengthen the environmental management of foreign investment and introduced projects

in the past, due to the emphasis on the quantity and scale of foreign investment, they often ignored the environmental benefits. Many foreign businessmen took advantage of the opportunity of low environmental standards and weak environmental awareness in China to transfer the highly polluting products prohibited from production abroad to China, which not only exacerbated the degree of environmental pollution in China, but also was not conducive to the sustainable development of China's foreign trade. Therefore, when we introduce foreign capital in the future, we should strictly control the projects with high pollution, prohibit the establishment of projects with high pollution and can not be treated, and deal with the existing foreign-funded enterprises

the environmental impact of township enterprises should be carefully investigated and evaluated. Those that do not meet the requirements of China's laws and regulations should be treated within a time limit. Foreign investment in environmental protection industries should be given preferential treatment in terms of taxes, land, loans, investment, cutting off the main motor resources, new product development, technological transformation, import and export, so as to speed up the upgrading of China's environmental protection products, Gradually support and develop it into a leading industry of China's export-oriented economy or one of the key industries of the national economy

3. Accelerate the implementation of 1sol4000 environmental management system standard

iso14000 international standard for environmental management system was officially promulgated and implemented in September of 1996 due to the strain of elastic elements in direct proportion to the size of external force P. It stipulates that any country can refuse to import the products that do not meet the standard, so that the products that do not meet the standard are excluded from international trade

now some developed countries have begun to carry out certification work for their enterprises and their products in accordance with the 1so14000 environmental management system standard. At the same time, they have also put forward requirements in this regard for imported products, which poses new challenges to the product exports of China and developing countries. However, due to the lack of understanding of environmental protection in China for a long time and the recent restrictions of capital, technology and relevant knowledge, it is difficult to meet the standard in a short time, but we realize that we should create conditions for gradual promotion and implementation with a positive attitude. At present, based on the implementation of 1so9000

set up a number of examples of implementing this standard in environmental protection industries and export-oriented enterprises, especially for export enterprises that have implemented 1so9000 standard certification, it is necessary to promote them to carry out 1so14000 standard certification as soon as possible

at the same time of typical guidance, we should strengthen publicity and widely popularize this standard system with the help of the media. In addition, international environmental standards should also be studied as soon as possible. The international standards can be transformed into domestic standards through administrative and legislative procedures, which can be popularized and used throughout the country. Domestic supporting laws and regulations related to the international standards should also be formulated as soon as possible

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